Therapeutic massage: effective rehabilitation
Can you please tell us which diseases are prescribed a therapeutic massage for?
Massage is the most universal treatment method and one of the oldest. It is prescribed for diseases of the internal organs, musculoskeletal system, and various neurotic disorders.
Therapeutic massage successfully helps in the fight against chronic fatigue, general malaise and loss of strength caused by constant stress. Massage sessions are shown in case of sleep disorders, erectile dysfunction, increased anxiety, excess weight.
The massage effectively complements the main treatment of hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic bronchial and lung diseases, arthrosis, osteochondrosis, nervous system diseases. It can also be used for diseases of the digestive system, pelvic organs outside the acute phase.
Despite the wide range of possible applications, are there any contraindications for massage?
The main contraindications are related to acute inflammation, bleeding, thrombophlebitis, acute skin diseases, gall bladder and kidney stones, as well as the overall severe condition of the patient when undergoing intensive therapy. Massages during critical women’s days and the first trimester of pregnancy are not recommended.
How does massage help with rehabilitation and recovery in general?
The main purpose of massage is to help people heal themselves, improve their health, and improve their well-being. The general therapeutic effect of massage is to activate the blood circulation, normalize the tone and strength of the muscles, keep the movements in the joints, maintain the tone of the nervous system, activate immunity.
Massage is also useful for healthy people. It has long been used as a way to prolong an active, healthy life, not just as a method of treatment.
Please tell us more about the effect of the massage on circulation. What exactly is the use here?
During the massage, the blood circulation is normalized, first of all, in the microcirculatory channel (these are venules, capillaries, arterioles), at the level of which the main exchange takes place in tissues and cells of the body. Massage allows you to activate both the processes of saturation of tissues with nutrients, and the processes of excretion of products from the body.
Improvement of blood circulation as a result of massage reduces stagnation and swelling of tissues, activates immunity. After the massage the inflammation passes, the spasmed muscles are relaxed, the “squeezed” nerve roots are released, the pain subsides.
Is only a masseur able to help activate metabolic processes?
Everyone can help themselves by using a self-massage. Great attention should be paid to the self-massage of the feet, hands, ears. Restoring the lost balance is helped by rubbing the skin from top to bottom with a soft brush or terry towel soaked in salt water. It is possible to pat or easily tap on the body with the palm of your hand. This all helps to activate the blood circulation.
It is useful to use from time to time Kuznetsov and Lyapko applicators, which have a reflexotherapeutic effect on the area of discomfort or pain. Powerful healing effect has bath massage with brooms. Besides, it is possible to master skills of correct abdominal breathing. It carries out fine massage of internal organs of an abdominal cavity, heart and lungs.
How old is it better to start a massage? Does the massage affect the development of the child?
Massage, special gymnastics, great potential and plasticity of the child’s body can overcome birth defects, congenital diseases, problems of premature infants.
Massage, early hardening and swimming will help not only to raise the child healthy, harmoniously developed, balanced. Such children are significantly ahead of their peers in all indicators of mental and physical development. They begin to talk earlier, are more sociable, as a rule, it is easier for them to learn.
What role does massage play in maintaining the health of the musculoskeletal system?
One of the points of application of massage is the muscular system. Muscles have two main parts: the abdomen and the tendon, with which the muscle is attached to the periosteum. In Oriental medicine, it is believed that an important part of the muscular system belongs to the tendon part of the muscles.
Healthy tendons must be elastic to provide full motion in the joints. And the massage provides for an impact on the tensile strength of muscle tendons. After all, if the joint is restricted in its mobility, it will sooner or later develop a pathology. Therefore, massage helps to preserve the health of joints or significantly improve it, providing better mobility.
How soon do they prescribe massage after surgery as a rehabilitation tool?
The massage is shown from the first days after surgery, fractures and other injuries. The massage helps to reduce pain, enhances the resolving effect of hematomas, haemorrhages, prevents muscle atrophy, stiffness in the neighboring joints.
Now doctors follow the practice of the earliest possible inclusion of a person in the active stage of rehabilitation. For example, after the implantation of joints literally on the second or third day of the patient trying to put on his feet, and there are also shown massage and physical therapy.